Climatology has a significant final influence on the olive harvest and also on oil formation. During the year 2016, the oil yield has generally been lower than the average of previous years in most olive groves. The amount of rainfall and its distribution throughout the year notably influence the processes that occur throughout the olive tree's cycle, such as lipogenesis or oil formation. Irrigation is a cultivation practice that allows avoiding water stress and enables these processes to be carried out successfully.
Delivered by Dr. Federico Casimiro-Soriguer Escofet
(Former Head of the Endocrinology and Nutrition Department at the University Regional Hospital and Scientific Director of the Biomedical Research Institute (IBIMA). Member of the Malaga Academy of Sciences)
THE IMPORTANCE OF PH IN AGRICULTURE AND FERTILIZATION: TREATMENTS AND IRRIGATION
08 oct. 2020
The pH is a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of an aqueous solution, with a variable value between 0 and 14. Below a pH value of 7, solutions are acidic, and above a pH value of 7, they are basic. A pH value of 7 indicates a neutral solution, which is associated with the pH of pure water. Knowledge of the pH value is crucial in numerous stages of agriculture. As a general rule, the optimal pH for agricultural applications should be slightly acidic, between pH 5-6.
We understand traditional olive groves as those constituted by centuries-old olive trees, spaced widely apart in expansive exploitation patterns, ranging from 9x9 to 14x14. In numerous seminars and congresses related to olive groves and olive oil, the conclusion of many experts in this sector is always the same: "Traditional olive groves must be transformed." This conclusion is reached by acknowledging that the future of the sector lies in maximum mechanization. We must not forget that the serious problem with traditional olive groves is the low or nonexistent profitability in a market with low olive oil prices.
PRUNING OF THE YOUNG PLANT AND THE OLIVE TREE FROM A TRUNK
06 oct. 2020
The plant world is a living world. The pruner is the surgeon of these beings, and their skillful work requires a minimum of knowledge that is within the reach of anyone, as well as certain dexterity and a great deal of rigor in practice. In the olive tree, as in any fruit tree, three pruning stages must be considered:
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